CHILEAN PISCO VS PERUVIAN PISCO

 

CHILEAN PISCO AND PERUVIAN PISCO (PISCO DE PERU) ARE SUBSTANTIALLY DIFFERENT

The soil on which the grapes are planted, the used grape varieties and the production methods for the elaboration of Pisco are significantly different in Chile and Peru. These differences result in strong deviations of the resulting brandies, Chilean Pisco and Peruvian Pisco.

To maintain the high quality of Peruvian Pisco, the Peruvian government has set up strict regulations concerning all aspects involved in the production of Peruvian Pisco. The intention behind these regulations is ensuring that only the best proven practices in the production of distilled spirits are applied to the production of Pisco.

CHILEAN PISCO IS MOSTLY PRODUCED IN HIGH QUANTITIES WITH INDUSTRIAL METHODS FOR THE MASS MARKET

Chilean Pisco in most cases is made using pomace (based on the grapes' leftovers like skin or stem from the wine production) and usually is produced in continuous rectification columns. These industrial methods employed in the production of alcohol are specifically designed to produce high quantities of Pisco at a low-cost. Unfortunately, some of the most delicate flavour profiles are lost, when implementing these industrial methods.

Chilean Pisco, in contrast to Peruvian Pisco, allows the alteration of the spirit after distillation. This means that ingredients such as sugar, caramel, glycerine or water can be added synthetically to change the flavour profile of Pisco before bottling.

Furthermore, the government of Chile permits the enriching of the taste of distilled Pisco through aging in wooden barrels, e.g. oak barrels. That is how an industrially produced spirit can obtain a richer taste. The authenticity of Pisco diminishes as the producers try to compensate for using industrial methods. The altered and newly created taste no longer represents the grape based spirit, since the delicate and complex fruity grape flavour is overpowered by strong wood flavours. 

PERUVIAN PISCO FOCUSES ON QUALITY

On the contrary however, the Peruvian legal regulation for pisco prohibits any treatment of the distilled spirit that in the slightest could influence the authentic Pisco taste. The government introduced a purity law which guarantees and ensures a consistent, high quality Peruvian Pisco. Such a purity law is unique in the world of grape spirits.
 
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